Whole Body Cryotherapy is a hyper-cooling process that lowers skin temperature to approximately 30˚F by enveloping the body with extremely cold air ranging from -133˚ F to -320˚ F for a period of 2-3 minutes.
Whole Body Cryotherapy “WBC”, was founded in the practice of Dr. Yamaguchi of Japan in 1978 through the use of short freezing cold treatments on his rheumatoid arthritis patients’ skin surface for pain management purposes. Dr. Yamaguchi found he was able to reduce the soreness and pain in patients usually felt during manipulation of their joints, as a result of the rapid decrease of temperature of the outer layer of skin; it immediately released endorphins and therefore less sensitivity to pain. Continued research in the 1980s indicated that rapid short-term exposure of the skin’s surface to approximately 30°F had a more beneficial effect on the human body than gradual cooling while immersed in an ice bath, approximately 41°F.
How Does It Work?
The core body's temperature should be constant and equal to -98.6°F, as even slight changes to this temperature could serious medical conditions and/or death. In cryotherapy, through receipt of signals from the skin’s cold sensors of the freezing temperatures, the brain center is alerted that maintaining the necessary core body temperature will be impossible if blood circulation in the outer layers of the skin is extenuated. During the session, all survival resources are activated, and blood is sent to the body’s core to begin to circulate/protect the vital organs. As the blood circulates it is also being enriched with oxygen and necessary nutrients. As the internal organs are surrounded and nourished by the enriched blood, all crucial life processes are then accelerated. If the performance of any of the organs was disrupted/impaired, these deficiencies begin to remedy themselves to allow for recovery through cryotherapy.
Please note that while these processes are initiated by brief exposure of the skin surface to extremely low temperatures, the tissue is not actually penetrated during the treatment.